Travel Malaysia - all the information you need
Facts about Malaysia
Travel Malaysia, don't you want to know some facts about this beautiful country? Here we go. Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy since 1963. It gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1957.
The Yang di-Pertuan Agong (king) is the head of state of Malaysia. The 14th and current Yang di-Pertuan Agong is Sultan Abdul Halim of Kedah. He was inaugurated in 2011.
Although the role of the king is ceremonial, the king has still a large influence on the country. The real head of state is the Prime Minister, since 2009 this is Dato' Sri Haji Mohammad Najib bin Tun Haji Abdul Razak.
Bahasa Malaysia is the national and official language, but English is widely spoken. Other languages such as Chinese (Cantonese and Hokkien), Iban and Tamil are spoken by minorities.
Islam is the main religion in Malaysia. 53% of the population is Muslim and 19% is Buddhist. The remaining 28% religions practised in Malaysia are: Christian, Taoism, Confucianism, Hindu, Sikh and Animism. Shamanism is practised in East Malaysia.
GMT + 8.
220 volts AC, 50Hz. Square three-pin plugs and bayonet-type light fittings are generally used. You can buy converters in many shops if you bring two-pin plugs.
Full IDD is available.
Country code: 60.
Outgoing international code: 00.
Public coin-operated phones can be found in many areas, such as supermarkets and post offices. Local calls cost 10 sen. Public card phones can be found throughout the country.
Cards can be purchased at airports, petrol stations and some shops for amounts ranging from RM30-50. There are currently two types – Kadfon and Unicard – and these can only be used in their appropriate phone booths.
GSM 900 and 1800 networks cover practically the whole country. Network operators include:
Centers for public use are located in the main post offices of all large towns. Most main hotels also have facilities.
Internet Service Providers ISPs include:
All over the country, even in small towns you will find internet cafes. Hotels and hostels often have facilities too.
There are post offices in the commercial centre of all towns, open Mon-Sat 0800-1700.
The English-language dailies printed in peninsular Malaysia are the Business Times, Malay Mail, Malaysiakini, New Straits Times, The Star and The Sun. There are also several English-language Sunday newspapers and periodicals. English-language newspapers available in Sarawak include the Borneo Post and Sarawak Tribune. English-language dailies in Sabah include the Borneo Mail, Daily Express and Sabah Times.
Remember the National Newspapers as the Star and New Strait Times, although officially independent, are in effect under control of the government.
The capital is Kuala Lumpur although the administrative capital is Putraya. This is a new build city south of Kuala Lumpur. The government decided to build the administrative centre here to avoid the traffic problems of Kuala Lumpur.
There are 13 States (negeri-negeri, singular - negeri) and 3 federal territories.The States are : Johor, Kedah, Kelantan, Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Perak, Perlis, Pulau Pinang, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, Terengganu.
The Federal Territories are Labuan, Putrajaya and Wilayah Persekutu
Malaysian Ringit, shortened to RM (ringit Malaysia), sometimes referred to Malaysian dollar. Old notes still carry the $ sign.
US$ 1 to approximately RM 3.1. When leaving the country you have to change your Ringits back to dollars, pounds or euros. The Malaysian Ringit is not convertible outside Malaysia.
Check the currency converter for the exact exchange rate.
Geographic details Malaysia
Malaysia has borders with Thailand, Indonesia and Singapore in West Malaysia and with Brunei and Indonesia in East Malaysia.
Malaysia has a tropical climate. There is a dry season from April to October. The monsoons come from October to February. This does not mean it rains every day but there will be showers regularly.
In general the monsoons can be more severe in the south and east of West Malaysia. This means the eastern islands as Perhentian, Tioman and Redang are in effect closed from late November until March. Langkawi, Penang and Pangkor are the whole year accessible
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